Bulygina Ljudmila 07-71(b) icon

Bulygina Ljudmila 07-71(b)



НазваниеBulygina Ljudmila 07-71(b)
Дата конвертации27.06.2012
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Bulygina Ljudmila 07-71(b)

Irwin Shaw (February 27, 1913 – May 16, 1984) was an American playwright, screenwriter, novelist and short-story writer.

The text “The girls in their summer dresses“ is a short story. It has definite beginning, middle and the end. The story contains one event focusing on a single aspect of life. The number if characters is limited. It belongs to psychological type

Functional style of the text is belles-lettres. This prosaic literary work is a narrative and it has a narrator. It is a story of real events which the narrator considers interesting. The narrator is a witness of the events.

The theme is love. The idea that we shouldn’t be jealous.

The setting is important for an additional effect. It symbolizes the emotional state of the major characters, Frances and Michael. Revealing a bright, vivid city full of hopes and dreams, the author adhers to the repetition of a noun “sun” and its derivatives: “Sunday, sunlight”; and the choice of words: “ mild wind, warm, shining quiet”; that helps to see a psychological parallelism between the characters and nature around them. It shows that this couple feels at this moment nothing but happy, joyful as they have an opportunity to be a part of this wonderful life. Besides, such a SD as alliteration of the sound [w] produces the effect of infinite peace of mind, tranquility, characteristic for absolute happy, pleased people and such were the major characters: “they walked toward Washington Square, walking slowly, quiet”.

But from the very beginning the author proves to reader that these relationships are more significant for a wife, Frances. The reader feels a deep and pure love toward her husband. The use of anaphoric repetition and parallel constructions serves to convey to the reader woman’s attitude, emotions: “I want to go out with my husband all day long. I want him to talk only to me and listen only to me.”

And Frances’ emotional state, her feeling of happiness to be near a dearly loved person predetermines the romantic mood. The writer conveys this dreaming romantic atmosphere using a gradation: “First let’s go to the Metropolitan Museum of Art… We can take the bus down to Radio City… And later we’ll go to Cavanaugh’s… and after that there’s a French picture…”

But then the phrase “say, are you listening to me?” (anticlimax) destroys the thrilled mood as if coming down to earth. This phrase is considered a crucial moment when the author reveals the change of the atmosphere from pleasant to a tense one. And Michael tries to return the previous state of things to hush up that unpleasant moment. The author brings this to the reader’s notice using polysyndeton: “God gave me eyes and I look at women and men and subway excavations and moving pictures and the little flowers of the field.”

But nevertheless the situation is different: gloomy, tense and disillusioned. The choice of words helps to bring the idea out: “said flatly, walked without talking, her tone a good imitation.”

Moreover, the author reveals the assence of the hidden problem gradually, step by step. The first step was to show that Frances doesn’t believe in Michael serious attitude toward her and their marriage. The repetition of the phrase “All right” inderlines that Frances got tired of some innecessary explanations of her husband.

The second step is Michael’s phrase “I remember the hat” which to tell the truth stuck me because I expected a phrase “I remember the look”. But this only sentence points out that Frances was only one of the girls Michael liked and she didn’t signify anything special for him.

At the third step the author reveals Michael’s attitude to women in general. First of all it is enumeration: he says about them in the superlative degree: the best furs, the best clothes, the handsomest women.”

Then it is their significance in his life. The use of anaphoric repetition: “I like the girls/women” demonstrates propeply that women tool a great place in Michael’s heart and that he lived in order to see the girls and nothing could change his nature. The title correspondence to the text and predicts the plot.

Setting takes place in the street Fifth Avenue. It was Sunday: “everything looked like Sunday morning (similie)”, “the quiet buildings’ – metaphor and epithet, “they had slept late and had a good breakfast and it was Sunday” is polysyndeton ; epithet “the mild wind”. This is a nice morning and this is a wonderful morning are epiphora and parallel constructions.

Characters are flat, static, indirect. Michael Loonies is in his early thirties. He is from Washington. Michael has a wife, but hasn’t children. His education is higher. He is a tall, slim, handsome and getting fat. He is a man of property. This man is honorable, romantic, direct, spoilt, reasonable, loyal, kind, open-minded, considered, gentleman, patient and selfish. Frances Loonies is in her early thirties. She is from Washington. Frances has a husband. This woman is well-educated. Her traits of character are honorable, direct, jealous, serious and unconfident.

Michael characterizes himself with the help of irony “the lean man from Ohio”. Frances says so about her husband: “an extra 5 pounds of husband” (metonymy), “wise gay” (irony). That is what Michael says about Frances: “That pretty girl” (elliptical sentence).

There are SD which characterize their relationship: “ wound around you like a rope” (similie), “I permit such liberties only when the week’s work is done” (periphrasis): “My wife has an idea” (irony), “ypu and me” (elliptical sentence); “we’re always up to our neck in people (metonymy), drinking their Scotch, or drinking our Scotch (parallel construction)”, “we only see each other in bed… “ (hyperbole), “The Great Meeting Place” (capitalization, graphon, irony), “everybody you ever knew will show up there” (hyperbole), “I’m talking serious, I’m listening serious” (parallel constructions). Conflicts are external: anticlimax “say, are you listening to me?”. Hyperbole “You always look at other women”, enumeration “Every damned place we go. Restaurants, subways, theatres, lectures, concerts”.




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