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In syntax, a sentence with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause (subordinating clause) is referred to as a complex sentence. The dependent clause is often introduced by a subordinate conjunction such as "which", "while" or "because".Similar to a compound sentence, Two dependent clauses and one independent, a complex sentence with a sub-clause functioning as a subject. A clefted complex sentence with a sub-clause indicating what the dummy pronoun "It" refers to. A complex sentence with a sub-clause functioning as subject complement. "Be" is a copula verb; it links the sub-clause to the subject. I ate the meal is an independent clause and which you cooked is relative clause. A sentence with a relative clause, a clause that has no function but describes its noun phrase, does not fufill the dependent clause requirement of a complex sentence. A sentence is complex only when it contains a subordinate clause which fulfills a syntactic function within the sentence. This is a complex-compound sentence with two independent clauses.
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Шахматов Предложение это комбинация представлений в процессе мышления.). S. Curme (an Eng scholar): a sentence is an expression of...
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