Word as a main element of lex. System icon

Word as a main element of lex. System



НазваниеWord as a main element of lex. System
Дата конвертации14.01.2013
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ТипДокументы
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1. /Lexicology crib part 1-general.doc
2. /Lexicology crib part 2-etymology.doc
3. /Lexicology crib part 3-semantics.doc
4. /Lexicology crib part 4-morphology.doc
5. /Lexicology crib part 5-phraseology.doc
6. /Lexicology crib part 6-style+region+lexicograph.doc
7. /Neologisms.doc
8. /Q1-Q38 little.doc
Word as a main element of lex. System
The Etymological Structure of English Vocabulary
Notion of the meaning of the word
Affixation as a productive means of word-building
Free and fixed phrases
American English
С. В. Беликов Лексические новообразования в современном английском языке
Word as a main element of lex. System

Q1 Lexicology deals with the vocabulary system of the language. (greek lexis-word, logos-science). AsL. Deals w/the vocabulary the primary focus is the word.

Vocabulary: is the total sum of words that a lg possesses. Another term is lexicon. It is used n 3 main sences:1) the dictionary that a speaker of a lg has in his mind; 2) the setoff lexems of a lg;3) the set of lexical items of a lg.

Word – a complicated unity of different aspects and functions. It is simultaneously a semantic, grammatical and phonological unit.

L. c/b general and special. G. works out basic notions and methods of vocabulary study. It analyses vocabularies and lexical units of practically all lgs. Within the frames of GL many notions r studied: the not-n o the word, meaning, context, system relations etc. SL devotes atten-n to the description of the peculiarities of one lg. It is based on the principles of general lexicology.

Q2 Word as a main element of lex. System.

Different definitions: Orthographic – word as a sequence of letters. Millet: The words are defined by association of a particular group of sounds with a particular meaning capable of a particular grammatical employment. Descriptional definition: The word is a speech unit used for the purposes of human communication, materially representing a group of sounds, possessing a meaning, susceptible to grammatical employment and characterised by formal and semantic unity.

Q3 Connection of L w/other sciences.

Internal – as part of ling. Is stronglyinterconnected w/ general ling., history of the lg, ph-cs, stylistics, grammar, morphology(+word-building), semaseology, phraseology, etymology, contextology.

External – as a lg is exposed to outer inf-ce=>social, mental, economic, political changes, that take place within speakers’ community. All this may reflect in a lg, so L is connected w/psychology, sociology, psycholinguistics and other social studies.




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