In our linguistic school of today intonation is understood and defined as a unity of:
1) speech melody
2) sentence stress
3) voice timbre
4) the tempo of speech
Which allows the speaker to express to express the meaning of sentences, his attitude to the contence and his emotions.
Melody is a variation of the pitch of the voice when we speak.
Sentence stress is a greater prominence given to one or more words within sentence which is achieved pronouncing stressed words with greater force.
Timbre is a special colouring of the voice in the pronouncing sentence which shows the speakers attitude and emotional to the object of speech. It’s that quality of the voice which allows us to determine in what state of living is the man standing. E.g. Behind the door when we can’t see him but we can understand whether he smiles or is sad while speaking.
Tempo is the speed with which sentences and their parts are pronounced. It’s inseparable from sentence stress. It determines the number and length of sense groups. Rhythm is closely connected with tempo of speech.
|Урок аудирование Цели урока: развитие навыков аудирование; тренировка навыков монологической речи|
Организационный момент: Good morning children. How are you? What’s the weather like today? What day is it today?
|What can be understood under the character of Russian ladies?|
|1. Intonation. Its functions||Intonation Units and their Structure|
|Summer School on Human Rights 04 – 08 June 2012, at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow||Summer School on Human Rights 04 – 08 June 2012, at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow|
|Утверждаю проректор по учебной работе Брагин Л. А. International Business School (5th semester 2012/2013 school year)||The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy|
|The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy||The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy|