* the recessive tendency icon

* the recessive tendency



Название* the recessive tendency
Дата конвертации14.01.2013
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[o:] hot dog
America was discovered in 1492 but was populated by Europeans much later. The first immigrants came to America in the 17
By assimilation we understand a process of altoration of speech sounds as a result of which one of the sounds becomes fully or particilly similar to the esjoining sound. Types of assimilation are the following: 1
At least in some words. E. g diphthong [ou]
Different elements of our communication may be emphasis by specific types of stressing: by the so-called logical stress and emphatic
There are no languages which are spoken without any change of prosodic parameters but intonation functions in various languages in a different way
1 Dialects of Scotland
In our linguistic school of today intonation is understood and defined as a unity of
The falling tone expresses finality. It is definite and categorical in nature
2. Two-syllable words
Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech. Phonetics was studied as early as 2500 B. C. in ancient India
Phonetics is connected with grammar, lexicology, stylistics and the history of the language
It is a historical process of weaking shortening and disappearance of vowel sounds in unstressed position
And early 18
E. g. ‘John ‘went to ‘london
E. g if we take a sentence "The bird is in the cage"
Within a certain national standard of pronunciation there may be different styles of pronunciation
Timbre is a special colouring of the voice in the pronouncing sentence which shows the speakers attitude and emotional to the object of speech
Others are unvoiced
2 tongue position; : 1 front; 2 front-retracted; 3
Teor fonetika-1677
Theory of the phoneme in foreign phonological school The main points points of trubetchkoy's theory
Speach sounds and phonems general characteristics and the definition of the phonem
The scientist posed a question
* the recessive tendency
In natural world any word is stressed and by stress different syllables in words differ. Stressed syllables are more distinct. Stress is defined as a special prominence (выделение) given to a syllable in a word

In spite of the fact that word stress in English is free, there are certain factors that determine the location and different degree of it. Prof. V. A. Vassilyev describes them as follows:

* the recessive tendency;

* the rhythmic tendency;

* the retentive tendency and

* the semantic factor

The first and the oldest of the English lexical stress tendencies (characteristic of all Germanic languages) known as the recessive tendency originally consisted in placing lexical stress on the initial syllable of nouns, adjectives and verbs derived from them and on the root syllable of words which belonged to other parts of speech and had a prefix. In most cases prefixes lost their referential meaning since then, with the result that recessive stress in present-day English of two subtypes:

1) unrestricted: when stress falls on the initial syllable, provided it is not a prefix which has no referential meaning. A great majority of native English words of Germanic origin are stressed this way: father mother husband, `wonder

2) restricted: when stress falls on the root of the native English words with a prefix which has no referential meaning now: a'mong, be'come, before,fo,'get, etc.

There are certain categories of English words stressing of which is determined the semantic factor, e.g. compound words and words with the so-called separable prefix The majority of such words have two equally strong stresses, both stressed parts considered to be of equal semantic importance, with the semantic factor thus canceling rhythmic tendency in word stressing, e.g.

* compound adjectives: hard-working, blue-eyed,

* verbs with post positions sit down, take off

* numerals from 13 to 19:fourteen, sixteen.

It should be noted that the rhythmic tendency becomes operative when such work occur in sentences and the first stress of a double-stressed English word disappears in an immediately or closely preceding word requires stress: a `very good-looking `girl.




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