America was discovered in 1492 but was populated by Europeans much later. The first immigrants came to America in the 17th century. This period can be determined to the time of Burgeous revolution in England. They settled of Atlantic coast where the first colons were founded. The immigrants brought with them the 17th century English with its pronunciation standard.
First of all it is difficult to certain the exact number and quality of the sounds of American vowels. This also concerned diphthongs. Different authors treat them differently. More over some scholars regard even the sound [r] either as a consonant or as a vowel.
The particularity is that all American vowels are long. Some monophtongs have diphthongs as their phonemic variants: [o] -> [ou] be fond of
American consonant system doesn’t differ greatly from English one. There is no dropping of consonant even in uneducated speech.
The sound [r] in American English differs from British English as it’s more vibrated. The tip of a tongue is turned too far to the mouth. This is the specific sounding of American [r].
The American accent is based mainly on the retroflex [r]. There is greater or wicker degree of speech, it’s so called “twang”. It’s also peculiarity of General Am. English.
The standard Am. Pronunciation:
Instead of [a:] -> [æ] half
Instead of [o] -> [a:] hot dog
Instead of [ju] -> [u] student, new
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