The words which have lexical significance receive sentence stress. They are called content words. Functional parts of speech or structural form words are usually unstressed.
The meaning of a whole utterance depends on the correct distribution of sentence stress. Any sentence if it is stressed differently emphasizes in meaning or modality different elements of communication.
Normal sentence stress arranges words into sentence phonetically. It means that dui to normal sentence stress the last word of a syntagm becomes its communicative center, the pitch of the voice changes falling or rising while all the other content words of the syntagm receive normal sentence stress.
Different elements of our communication may be emphasis by specific types of stressing: by the so-called logical stress and emphatic.
Logical stress brings into prominence the words and word combinations emphasized by the logic of speech itself. Logically any word in the utterance may be stressed, even form words. All the words that follow the logically stressed communicative center receive partial stress.
What concerns emphatic stress, it is used with one purpose that is to express subjunctive emotional attitude of the speaker to the subject of speech.
Usually intensities receive emphatic stress (E.g. very, so) or evaluative words (good, bad, happy).
Emphatic and logical stress are expressed in the same way, usually by means of the so-called high-fall but functionally they are different: logical stress emphasizes the logical speech which is determined by the situation while emphatic stress reveals the emotions of the speaker.
E.g. if we take a sentence “The bird is in the cage”.
Summering we can say that the main functions of sentence stress are:
2) logical (to give prominence to the logic)
3) emphatic (to express emotions)
Шахматов Предложение это комбинация представлений в процессе мышления.). S. Curme (an Eng scholar): a sentence is an expression of...
|Parrot-Cage com – Other Pages – 20080121|
|The example sentence||Composite Sentence|
|The plan of syntactical analysis of the sentence||Reading 1 Read the text and see if you can sum up the writer's argument in one sentence|
|Contents Preface 2 Chapter I. Theoretical aspects 3 Chapter II. Newspaper style 3 Chapter III. Notion of the sentence 14 Chapter IV.||Документи|
1. /грамматика/01. The subject of Theoretical Grammar..doc
2. /Complex Sent adverb clauses.doc
1. /ь01The 2 branches of Grammar.doc