2. Two-syllable words icon

2. Two-syllable words



Название2. Two-syllable words
Дата конвертации14.01.2013
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26. /Word stress..docx
[o:] hot dog
America was discovered in 1492 but was populated by Europeans much later. The first immigrants came to America in the 17
By assimilation we understand a process of altoration of speech sounds as a result of which one of the sounds becomes fully or particilly similar to the esjoining sound. Types of assimilation are the following: 1
At least in some words. E. g diphthong [ou]
Different elements of our communication may be emphasis by specific types of stressing: by the so-called logical stress and emphatic
There are no languages which are spoken without any change of prosodic parameters but intonation functions in various languages in a different way
1 Dialects of Scotland
In our linguistic school of today intonation is understood and defined as a unity of
The falling tone expresses finality. It is definite and categorical in nature
2. Two-syllable words
Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech. Phonetics was studied as early as 2500 B. C. in ancient India
Phonetics is connected with grammar, lexicology, stylistics and the history of the language
It is a historical process of weaking shortening and disappearance of vowel sounds in unstressed position
And early 18
E. g. ‘John ‘went to ‘london
E. g if we take a sentence "The bird is in the cage"
Within a certain national standard of pronunciation there may be different styles of pronunciation
Timbre is a special colouring of the voice in the pronouncing sentence which shows the speakers attitude and emotional to the object of speech
Others are unvoiced
2 tongue position; : 1 front; 2 front-retracted; 3
Teor fonetika-1677
Theory of the phoneme in foreign phonological school The main points points of trubetchkoy's theory
Speach sounds and phonems general characteristics and the definition of the phonem
The scientist posed a question
* the recessive tendency
In natural world any word is stressed and by stress different syllables in words differ. Stressed syllables are more distinct. Stress is defined as a special prominence (выделение) given to a syllable in a word

Let's look at typical examples of stress in English words. The main factors that influence stress are the number of syllables in the word and whether this word is a noun, an adjective or a verb.
1. One-syllable wordsOne-syllable nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are stressed on the vowel sound in this word. Note that a diphthong is one complex vowel sound that forms only one syllable. A diphthong is stressed on its first main component(book, cat)
2. Two-syllable words
Two-syllable nouns are usually stressed on the first syllable, for example TEACHer, STUDent, )Nouns may be stressed on the last syllable if there is a long vowel or a diphthong in it. The words of foreign origin (especially French words) may be stressed on the last syllable, for example: (caREER, concern)
Two-syllable adjectives are usually stressed on the first syllable, for example:FUNny, LOCal, USEfulSome adjectives are stressed on the last syllable if there is a long vowel or a diphthong in it, for example:comPLETE, exTREME, If there is a prefix in an adjective, the stress often falls on the first syllable of the root after the prefix, for example:enGAged
Two-syllable verbs are usually stressed on the second syllable, especially i

Two-syllable verbs are usually stressed on the second syllable, especially if the first syllable is a prefix, for example:adMITBut there are many verbs that are stressed on the first syllable:FOLlow, BORrow
3. Three-syllable words
-syllable nouns are usually stressed on the first syllable, for example:POLiticsBut many nouns, especially those derived from the verbs with prefixes, have stress on the second syllable, for example:diRECtorSome nouns have primary stress on the last syllable if there is a long vowel or a diphthong in it, for example:'engi'NEER,
Three-syllable adjectives
Three-syllable adjectives are usually stressed on the first syllable, for example:WONderful, Some adjectives have one more stress on the last syllable if there is a long vowel or a diphthong in it, for example:'OBso'lete / 'obso'LETESome adjectives do not repeat the stress of the noun they were derived from and are stressed on the second syllable, for example:symBOLic,

Three-syllable verbs
Three-syllable verbs often have primary stress on the first syllable (even if it is a prefix) and secondary stress on the last syllable (which is often a verb suffix), for example:'ORga'nizeBut many verbs, especially those with prefixes, have stress on the second syllable, for example:conTINueIf the prefix consists of two syllables, its first syllable usually gets secondary stress, for example:'under'STAND
4. Four or more syllables
Long nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs usually have two stresses: primary stress and secondary stress, but there are some long words with only one stress. There are four patterns of stress in long words.




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