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Great britain



НазваниеGreat britain
Дата конвертации26.05.2013
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GREAT BRITAIN











Solyanik Nikita,

Solyanik Ivan

9 class




GREAT BRITAIN




The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometres.

United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland! -Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast respec­tively. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. But in everyday speech 'Great Britain' is used to mean the United Kingdom. The capital of the UK is London.

English is the official, but not the only language which people speak in the country.

Britain has been many centuries in the making. It waged numerous colonial wars. In the modern world England was the first country where capitalism was established.

Northern Ireland is very beautiful place. It is a land of mountains, rivers, and lakes. The people of Ireland have always been known for their stories and myths.

Scotland occupies one – third of Great Britain/ It borders on England in the south/ In the west and north it is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, and the North Sea washed its east coast. The country was initially called Caledonia.

The early human settlements in Scotland date from the 3rd millennium BC. The region was invaded by the Romans between AD 82 and AD 208.

The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel, The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountain­ous and is called the Highlands, while the south, which has beautiful valleys and plains, is called the Lowlands. The north and west of England are mountainous, but all the rest — east, centre and south-east — is a vast plain. Mountains are not very high.
Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain (1343m).

There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one.

The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round.

The UK is one of the world's smaller countries. Its population is over 57 million. About 80% of the population is urban.

London is the capital of the UK. It was founded in the 5-th century AD. The largest cities of Great Britain besides London are: Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh.

The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment; One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected govern­ment with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two cham­bers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties. The Conservative party is the ruling party nowadays.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain ana Northern Ireland has always played an important role in world politics.




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