Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ
A. Who can be called the bridesmaids? E. Another way to get married
B. Ceremony on day-off F. The groom’s expenses
C. How to choоse a wedding ceremony? G. Press announcement
D. The bride’s family H. Old traditions
1. In Scotland people over the age of sixteen do not require their parents consent in order to marry. Marriage is performed by a minister of any religion on two Sundays in the districts where the couple had lived for at least fifteen days previously. Weddings may take place in churches or private houses.
2. Alternatively, the couple may give notice to the registrar of the district in which they have both lived for fifteen days previously. The registrar will issue a Certificate of Publication, which is displayed for seven days, and it will be valid for three months in any place in Scotland.
3. Marriage at a registry office in Scotland requires a publication of notice for seven days or a sheriff’s licence, as publication of banns is not accepted. Such a licence is immediately valid but expires after ten days. One of the parties must have lived in Scotland for at least fifteen days before the application, which is often prepared by a solicitor.
4. As soon as the wedding date has been decided the couple will think about the kind of wedding they want. Though comparatively few young people nowadays regularly attend church, most girls still dream of a white wedding, with its solemn ceremony, bridesmaids and the rest. There is no equivalent in England of our Palaces of Weddings, and civic ceremonies in a registry office are very dull. But what with the church fees which are extremely high and other extra expenses, a white wedding costs a great deal of money, so a couple may decide against it on these grounds.
5. There are practically no special customs attached to weddings at a registry office. For these reason attention will be mainly given to church weddings, with their age-old ritual and customs. However, the reader should bear in mind that by no means all the customs concerning the preparation for a wedding or the wedding ceremony itself are necessarily maintained, quite often reasons of economy.
6. The rules are not absolutely hard and fast, but generally they are the following.
The groom is expected to give a small present to each of the bridesmaids, and such a gift can range from a piece of jewellery to a beautifully bound book, a powder compact or any personal and pretty article. The bridegroom pays for the ring and the wedding licence, the organist and choir. He will pay for the bouquet for his bride and bouquets for the bridesmaids, buttonholes for his best man and any flowers worn by the bride’s mother and his own mother, if they want to wear flowers – many women do not. He pays for the cars which take himself to the church and the car in which he and his bride will drive from the church to the reception.
7. The Bride’s Parents are responsible for the press announcements, the bride’s dress, flowers for the church and members of family. The bride’s father given her away or, if he is dead or cannot be present at the ceremony, his place is taken by her mother or a close relative, or even a great family friend.
The American ceremony is probably the most well-known in the world. Although these days there is quite a number of unique wedding ceremonies taking place. Today you 1__________to get married in an airplane or in a drive-in movie theatre, all you need is somebody to marry. Other people will 2__________ of the rest. Money is either very important or not important at all. In Las Vegas there are marriage ceremonies performed for only twenty dollars, but 3___________ be the most expensive occasion in two people's lives. The tradition in the USA is different from The Church of England, in the wedding ring ceremony. Instead of just putting a ring on the woman's finger the groom also gets a ring.
Most weddings in the United States follow a similar pattern to 4____________. Customs and traditions vary, but common components are listed below.
An American wedding is typically a happy, joyous occasion for all people of all backgrounds. American wedding traditions really vary from one religion or culture to another, but in American wedding tradition it's 5__________.
Every American wedding has subtle traditional elements, but there are no really strict guidelines that we follow when planning our big day. Over the last ten years, wedding etiquette has really relaxed and American wedding traditions have become a lot more liberal. This new liberal outlook has enabled couples to marry in a style that they are comfortable with, instead of the sometimes rigid standards that some 6_____________ American wedding tradition.
^ a wedding ceremony could also
B. the Italian wedding
C. you are allowed
D. used to associate with
E. when planning our big day
F. a happy time
G. take care
How I met my future wife
I had been dating a German woman, Tanja, for 3 years. We had a dysfunctional relationship, but there were times when she was a lot of fun. Tanja had relatives that lived in Delton on a 150 acre parcel. Tanja put together a party there and invited a couple of dozen guests. My future wife was one of them, and we chatted only but a few words the entire night.
Months later, Tanja wanted to go play pool with her friend Mohammad. He wanted to bring his sister, so we met them at the bar. Other than saying "Hello" when we arrived, I didn't speak at all to his sister. But I carried on a conversation with Mohammad.
We went out with them again several months later. This time, while Mohammad and Tanja were chatting, his sister and I were talking away. For a few hours that evening we chatted. At that point I still emotionally belonged to Tanja, so nothing was going to develop from this. But this is where I first socially met my future wife.
So at just over 3 years into our relationship, Tanja and I took a 2 week trip with her parents. Each day we drove about 8 hours. Well, this trip put a strain on our already fragile relationship. About 3 weeks after returning from the trip I realized that I was the unhappiest I had ever been. So on Wednesday, August 23, 1993, I broke up with Tanja.
It was 3 days after I broke up with Tanja, Saturday. One of those items was writing a letter for her friend Mohammad. So I composed a letter with the limited information available to me. I then called the only number I had for him so that I could drop off the letter. Apparently, his sister was living with her twin brother Ali, and Mohammad was in Germany at that time.
At this particular moment in my life, I was NOT looking to start a new relationship; I was struggling to get out of the one I was currently in. So when Mohammad's sister answered the phone I was simply thinking "Can I quickly drop this letter off to you, so I can mark one more thing off my list of things to do?" So Mohammad's sister invited me over, but she was in a hurry and would only be there for 10 minutes or so. So I drove over, knocked on the door, said Hi and handed her the letter. I was ready to turn around and leave. But somehow, a conversation started regarding the content of the letter and we stood there in the hallway of her apartment talking for about 15 minutes. During that 15 minutes I became interested in her.
I found that she was interesting and I wanted to get to know her. So I invited myself along by asking if she would mind having my company.
She was getting ready to move to San Francisco, so she went to a news stand to pick up the San Francisco Chronicle to find an apartment. We browsed for a while, chatted, and then as we were leaving (I didn't want our time together to end), I asked her if she liked coffee.
After she affirmed, I gave her directions to "The Coffee Joint", an art-deco coffee shop in Kalamazoo, Michigan. We ended up sitting there for 5 hours talking (I don't drink coffee, yuck). 6 pm rolls around and I still didn't want our date to end, so I asked and we went to see a movie a short time later, "True Lies". I enjoyed the movie and it gave me a little time to think about my own feelings. I began to worry about rebound since I just broke up with my girlfriend of over 3 years. When the movie finished, I was still wanting to spend more time with the woman who now had my full attention.
I'm not that chatty of a person, but we never ran out of things to talk about; there was a natural comfort. We arrived and discovered a pier that stretched out into the lake about a 1/4 of a mile. We walked, and sat, talked and joked, watched the Sun set and the moon come up. We left around 11 pm and I drove her back to her brother's place.
The next day, she invited me to one of her friends birthday party. But in the morning she was unavailable because one of her instructors was to take her flying in his airplane. So we met up again during Sunday afternoon. The party was casual and fun. I met her boyfriend, little Mikey. A three year old boy who gave my wonderful friend a lot of attention. She liked being around kids.
The next day, Monday, I called after getting off of work. My girlfriend was a little concerned because things were going too fast. She wanted to slow down and not see me for a couple of days. So I agreed. We ended up talking on the phone for hours.
Then on Tuesday, I called again, and we talked for about 8 hours with my new girlfriend.
Saturday, we had been walking around the downtown mall. And it felt right for me, it had for several days. So on Saturday, August 27, 1994 on a Mall bench, late at night, at the Kalamazoo Center. I sat on my legs before her while she sat on the bench, I leaned up to her, and I asked her to marry me...
A1 The narrator told that
A2 Tania and the narrator
A3 Mohammad’s sister
A4 During those 15 minutes
A5 His future wife
A6 The narrator
A7 His girlfriend was afraid of
. Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров 1 - 7 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров 8-14 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А^ . Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А8 –15, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Most likely it is not A8_________that you have visited Online Dating "Blind Date" website. You feel that it is time to create a strong family. Probably you like beautiful Russian women, but you A9_________that it is really possible to find your love in the Internet. It is normal. However, most people don’t admit it. A10_______1995 we have helped lonely people to meet each other and create a family. Here was their luck! Get our A11______dating service right now. Here you will really find your love!
Anyone and everyone coming to a free dating site are in search of a new date and do you know what: their search might just end at YOU. The point here is how to make your profile more visible to these users amongst whom, you may find new friends. Go ahead and see for yourself the little things that can go a long way in making your profile more A12_______.
Be Regular In Logging On To Online Dating Site
This is as simple as that; when you log on to the dating services; you automatically increase your visibility as all profiles searched are sorted by time and date. The results shown in respect to the search are in accordance with the time you logged in to the dating site Our free online dating site was made with you in A13_______Whether you're interested in finding friends, dating or meeting your mate, this is a great way to meet new people. Best of all, you don't need to sit around waiting for someone to A14______you first. Fill out your profile to A15_______your interests and tell others what you're looking for, then get started! Browse to find other users who interest you, and send messages to start the conversation.
^ 1) accidental 2) unusual 3) occasional 4) bad
A9 1) think 2) doubt 3) suppose 4) seem
A10 1) till 2) for 3) until 4) since
A11 1) unique 2) lonely 3) alone 4) sole
A12 1) beautiful 2) attractive 3) clear 4) impressive
A13 1) mind 2) account 3) line 4) favor
^ 1) write 2) message 3) send 4) look
A15 1) show 2) express 3) share 4) choose
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО
С1.You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Jane who writes
I didn’t think it would be a problem for me to meet a boy. But now I’m 16 and I haven’t even been asked out on a date. I can’t find a boyfriend. I start to wonder if something’s wrong with me. It seems to me that Internet is just the only way to find one. Is it true? If it isn’t, could you suggest any other common ways? Tell me how did you find your boyfriend?
Write a letter to Jane.
In your letter
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.
Dating is often very expensive. In America and many other countries the boy and the girl often share expenses. In Russia it is usually the boy who pays for both people.
Write 200-250 words.
ОТВЕТЫ К ЗАДАНИЯМ
1 B2. – BEGCHFD
2. B3 – СGABFD
Раздел 3. ЛЕКСИКА И ГРАММАТИКА
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